A Schengen visa is a permit whose duration depends on the nature of the trips and the circumstances. It is obtained for the purpose of traveling or visiting one or more countries of an area made up of 26 countries in which there is free movement of various citizens as in only one country. This area is called the Schengen zone or Schengen area. It is made up of 22 European Union (EU) countries and 4 non-EU European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries Norway, Switzerland, Lichtenstein and the EU. Iceland.
This zone covers several European countries except the United Kingdom, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Ireland and Croatia. This visa is of course obtained via the competent authorities (embassy or consulate) of the country of the Schengen zone designated for the visit when one only intends to go to a country. However, if you plan to visit several countries in the Schengen area it is highly recommended to obtain the visa in the country where you will spend more time during the trip, this country will be considered as the destination first. There are three main types of Schengen visas: the uniform Schengen visa, the territorial validity visa, the national visa.
The uniform Schengen visa
It is a visa that is divided into two categories according to the purpose of the trip:
A Class A visa which is an airport transit visa which only entitles the holder to stop at an airport in a Schengen area without entering the airport. Not to be confused with a transit visa which gives the possibility within a maximum period of 5 days to move through several countries in the Schengen area by plane, car or coach to a country in the non-Schengen area. The airport transit visa is very advantageous for trips from a Schengen country to a non-Schengen area whose flight change is in a Schengen country. However, the disadvantage is that you cannot stay in a Schengen country or even travel to a non-Schengen country by bus or car.
A category C license which is a short-term visa whose holder benefits from a stay in a Schengen country during the period of validity of his visa. The disadvantage of this visa is its duration, which cannot exceed 90 days for each semester from the date of entry. It is advantageous for tourists and to attend business of limited duration like sports competitions, conferences, summits etc.…
The visa of limited territorial validity
It is a permit whose possession confers the right to travel to a country or Schengen countries previously specified. The advantage of this visa is that it allows to travel in several countries of the Schengen area regardless of the means of transport used. However, it has the disadvantage that it is obsolete in any other country in the Schengen zone which has not been specified in advance.
The national visa
It is a single entry permit for those wishing to reside in a Schengen country for a specific period of time for a specific purpose without the possibility of traveling to another Schengen country. It can also be multiple entries, so the holder has the right to move throughout the country but also in several other countries of the Schengen area without additional visa requirement. This type of visa is suitable for studies, for people residing or working in a Schengen country.