In Europe since 26 December 2006 a driving license harmonization directive has been issued; from the issuance rules to the license categories and the permissible gross weight (GVW). Without, however, changing country- specific elements, such as cost, license term and others. Thus several categories of license are defined having a correspondence for each following element: description of the vehicle, minimum age of the learner, and years of validity of the license. It should also be noted that there were slight modifications in 2013 harmonizing for several European countries the rules for obtaining and the validity periods of the document. 2013 was also the year of entry into force of several new categories of driving licenses in Europe.
The AM driving license
It is a license for mopeds and light motor quadricycles, which has a validity of 15 years. Mopeds are vehicles that have 2 or 3 wheels, maximum speed 45 km / h, this vehicle has the minimum age required for the license 14 years. Light motor quadricycles are 4-wheel vehicles with a maximum unladen weight of 350 kg and a maximum payload of 200 kg, the minimum age of which is 16 years. These two vehicles have a maximum speed of 45 km / h, a maximum capacity of 50 cm3 corresponding to a maximum power of 4 kW. To pass it, you must first have a diploma in road safety.
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A1 driving license category
A1 is a driving license for light motorcycles with a maximum power of 11 kW, maximum power / weight ratio of 0.1 kW / kg; or motor tricycles with a maximum power of 15 kW, a maximum unladen weight of 1000kg, payload for goods of 1500 kg or persons of 300 kg. This permit requires to have passed at least 16 years old. This permit is valid for 15 years and does not require any permit or diploma to be passed.
The A2 driving license category
A2 is a driving license for motorcycles with a maximum power of 35 kW and a displacement exceeding strictly 50 cm 3, the maximum power / weight ratio of which is 0.2 kW / kg. This permit requires at least 18 years of age and does not require a diploma or permit, and is valid for 15 years.
The A driving license category
The A category is a driving license for motorcycles with a maximum power of 73.7 kW or close to 100 hp, whose engine capacity is strictly greater than 50 cm3; the age required for this license with this kind of vehicle is 24 years old. It is also for tricycles with power strictly superior to 15 kW, here the required age is 21 years old. This permit does not require any other permit or diploma and has a validity of 15 years.
Driving license category B1
It is a driving license for motor quadricycles with a maximum power of 15 kW, a maximum curb weight of 550 kg, a payload for persons of 400 kg. The age required for this permit is at least 16 years, also valid for 15 years; and do not ask for a diploma or permit to be passed.
Driving license category B
It is a driving license for cars with a maximum permissible gross weight of 3.5 tones, used for men’s transport, with a maximum of 8 seats, excluding the driver’s seat; or used for the transportation of goods. This permit is also valid for automobiles a trailer whose GVWR is not more than 750 kg. But also having a trailer with a GVW strictly greater than 750 kg, provided that the total weight of the unit is not more than 4250 kg. The minimum age required for this license is 18 years with a validity of 15 years; without any need for a permit or diploma to pass it.
Driving license category C1
It is a permit for vehicles with a GVW of between 3500 and 7500, built for the transport of up to 9 passengers including the driver. It is also valid for the same type of cars equipped with a trailer whose GVWR is not more than 750 kg. The minimum age required is 18, it has a validity of 5 years, and it requires a license B.
Driving license category C
It is a permit whose description of the motor vehicles is the same as that of the license C1 to some ready variants, it also has the same validity and also requires the license B. Except that here the minimum age required is 21 years.
Driving license category D1
This is for motor vehicles with a length of up to 8 meters, built for 17 people including the driver. It is also valid for the same type of vehicles equipped with a trailer, whose GVWR is not more than 750 kg. The minimum age required is 21 years, for a validity of 5 years, requiring a prior B.
Driving license category D
It is a vehicle for cars with more than 9 seats, including that of the driver. It is also valid for the same type of vehicle equipped with a trailer having a GVWP of not more than 750 kg. The minimum age required is 24 years, for a validity of 5 years and also requires a license B.
It is a permit for category B vehicles, which is towed a trailer or semi-trailer with a gross weight of 3.5 tones or less. The minimum age is 18, valid for 15 years and requires a B license.
Driving license category C1E
It is a license valid for the BE category, but also for the C1 category, which is towed a trailer with a gross vehicle weight of 3.5 tones or less. Here the weight of the assembly allowed to roll must be at most 12 tons. The minimum age required for this license is 18 years, for a validity of 5 years and requires a C1 license.
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Driving license category CE
It is a permit requiring a C permit, of which the vehicles are those of category C coupled with a trailer who’s GVW exceeds 750 kg. The minimum age required is 21 years, for a validity of 5 years.
Driving license category D1E
This license is valid for 5 years, minimum age required 21 years and requiring a license D1. It is a permit for vehicles in category D1 on which is towed a trailer of GVWP of at least 750 kg.
Driving license category DE
This permit has a validity of 5 years, a minimum age of 24 years and requires a D permit. It is a permit for category D vehicles with a trailer weighing more than 750 kg.